The Colosseum or Coliseum – What you need to know
The construction of the Coliseum, undoubtedly the monument that best represents Rome, began under the rule of Emperor Vespasian in 75 AC near the small lake in the grounds of the Domus Aurea palace.
Travertine, a calcareous rock commonly used as a building material in Ancient Rome, is the stone that makes up the façade of the Coliseum, which measures 57 metres in height and features four tiers of arcades. The arena inside measured around 76 by 46 metres and could seat an estimated 45,000 people.
Two balconies were erected on the curves, along the shorter sides, for the Imperial family and top magistrates and priests. The Coliseum was originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre and used for various forms of gladiatorial and two-armed combat.
The building as we now know it is what remained after the powerful earthquakes (in 442 AC and 508 AC) that brought down two orders of the Coliseum. It was then restored under the rule of Several Popes and has therefore been preserved.
The Colosseum or Coliseum at a Glance
When to visit: Every day – Closed December 25th and January 1st.
Opening hours: from 8:30 to 1 hour before sunset.
Ticket Price: Colosseo – Palatino – Foro Romano: 1 Tickets € 12,00 – Kids:€7,50 18/25 years
Directions: Piazza del Colosseo – Roma
Our Best Tips: Visit the Coliseum at sunset
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